monarda

A member of the mint family, Monarda species include annual and perennial upright growing herbaceous plants endemic to North America. They range in height from 8—35” with equal spread. The leaves are lanceolate, opposite on the stem, smooth to slightly hairy, and have lightly serrated margins.

scottweber-raspberrywine
Photo Credit: Scott Weber from his wonderful blog: Rhone Street Gardens

Monarda plants bloom brightly colored whorls with leafy bracts from mid- to late summer. Flower colors are varying shades of reds, pinks, and violets. The leaves, when crushed, exude a spicy, highly fragrant oil.

Monarda has historically been used as a medicinal plant by many Native American tribes. It has been recognized for it's antiseptic properties and was traditionally used as a poultice for skin infections and minor wounds. Monarda is the natural source of the antiseptic Thymol, the primary active ingredient in modern commercial mouthwash formulas and was traditionally used to treat mouth and throat infections. Monarda has also been used as a digestive aid for settling the stomach and relieving excessive flatulence.

Monarda is often used in beds and borders to encourage and increase the appearance of hummingbirds, pollinating insects, and predatory insects that hunt garden pests. Because of oils present in its roots is sometimes used as a companion plant around small vegetable crops susceptible to subterranean pests. Bee balm is considered a good plant to grow with tomatoes, improving both health and flavor.

Monarda pairs beautifully with Echinacea, Achillea, Salvias, and Perovskia.

Monarda 'Aquarius'

Monarda ‘Aquarius’

  • Height: 3-4 ft
  • Spread: 1 ½ ft
  • Bloom: Mauve with green bracts
  • Foliage: bronze-green
  • Comments: Mildew resistant
Monarda 'Blue Stocking'

Monarda ‘Blue Stocking’

  • Height: 2-4 ft
  • Spread: 1 ½ ft
  • Bloom: Dark violet-blue with purple bracts
  • Foliage: Dark Green
  • Comments: vigorous, mildew resistant, good cut flower
Monarda 'Jacob Cline'

Monarda ‘Jacob Cline’

  • Height: 3-4 ft
  • Spread: 1 ½ ft
  • Bloom: large, deep red with dark red bracts
  • Foliage: Dark green
  • Comments: mildew resistant
Monarda 'Petite Delight'

Monarda ‘Petite Delight’

  • Height: 12-15 in
  • Spread: 12 in
  • Bloom: rosy-lavender
  • Foliage: dark green, glossy
  • Comments: Compact, good for containers, very mildew resistant
Monarda 'Raspberry Wine'

Monarda ‘Raspberry Wine’

  • Height: 2-4 ft
  • Spread: 2 ft
  • Bloom: berry-red
  • Foliage: large, dark green
  • Comments: deer resistant, mildew resistant
CoralReef250

Monarda ‘Coral Reef’

  • Height: 3-4 ft
  • Spread: 2 ft
  • Bloom: vibrant pink with pale pink bracts
  • Foliage: mid-green
  • Comments: Good cut flower

Find the Best Perennials for your Garden

We have a wonderful selection of perennials year round, but if you are looking for a specific perennial we will have the best selection when it is in bloom around town. Note: Native plant pages will take you into the Native Plant section.

Perennials

Actaea: Bugbane

Natives

Native Actaea: Bugbane

Perennials

Agastache: Hyssop

Perennials

Anemone: Windflower

Perennials

Aquilegia: Columbine

Natives

Native Aquilegia: Columbine

Perennials

Artemisia

Natives

Asarum: Wild Ginger

Natives

Asclepias: Milkweed

Perennials

Aster

Perennials

Astilbe: False Spirea

Perennials

Bellium: Miniature Daisy

Perennials

Bergenia: Pigsqueak

Perennials

Brunnera: Bugloss

Perennials

Canna Lily

Natives

Camassia: Camas

Perennials

Chrysanthemum

Perennials

Coreopsis: Tickweed

Perennials

Corydalis

Perennials

Cyclamen

Bulbs

Dahlia

Bulbs

Delosperma: Ice Plant

Perennials

Delphinium: Larkspur

Perennials

Dianthus: Carnation

Perennials

Dicentra: Bleeding Heart

Natives

Dodecatheon: Shooting Star

Perennials

Echinacea: Coneflower

Perennials

Epimedium

Natives

Erigeron: Fleabane

Natives

Eriophyllum: Oregon Sunshine

Perennials

Erodium: Alpine Geranium

Perennials

Eupatorium: Joe-Pye Weed

Perennials

Euphorbia: Spurge

Natives

Fragaria: Wild Strawberry

Bulbs

Fritillaria

Perennials

Hardy Fuchsia

Perennials

Hardy Geranium

Perennials

Geum: Avens

Perennials

Helenium: Sneezeweed

Perennials

Hellebore

Perennials

Hellebore: Gold Collection

Perennials

Hellebore: Winter Jewel

Perennials

Heuchera: Coral Bells

Perennials

Hosta: Plantain Lily

Perennials

Iberis: Candytuft

Bulbs

Iris

Natives

Native Iris

Perennials

Kniphofia: Red Hot Poker

Perennials

Leptinella

Perennials

Leucanthemum: Shasta Daisy

Natives

Lewisia: Bitterroot

Perennials

Ligularia

Perennials

Monarda: Bee Balm

Perennials

Moss

Bulbs

Narcissus: Daffodil

Perennials

Paeonia: Peony

Perennials

Papaver: Poppy

Perennials

Parahebe

Natives

Penstemon: Beard Tongue

Perennials

Perovskia: Russian Sage

Perennials

Primula: Primrose

Perennials

Rudbeckia: Black-eyed Susan

Perennials

Salvia

Perennials

Santolina: Lavender Cotton

Perennials

Sedum

Perennials

Evergreen Sedum

Natives

Native Sedum: Stonecrop

Perennials

Sempervivum: Hen & Chicks

Natives

Sidalcea: Checker Mallow

Natives

Sisyrinchium

Blue-eyed Grass
Natives

Solidago: Goldenrod

Natives

Synthyris: Native Figwort

Perennials

Top Shade Perennials

Perennials

Top Sun Perennials

Perennials

Tricyrtis: Toad Lily

Natives

Trillium: Wake Robin

Bulbs

Tulip

Natives

Vancouveria: Inside-out Flower

Perennials

Vinca: Periwinkle

Perennials

Viola: Violet

Natives

Native Viola: Violet

Perennials

Zantedeschia: Calla Lily