pruning-guide

Why prune? 5 good reasons (Never prune without a good reason!)

  • Remove dead wood to support plant health
  • Create safe, structurally sound specimens
  • Enhance a plant’s ornamental qualities or train to pleasing shapes
  • Stimulate vigorous growth (hedges)
  • Enhance flowering and fruiting

Tool Selection

Pruning Tools

Use the right tool for the job. Keep WD40 and a sharpener on hand. Keep tools clean, oiled and sharp.


How to Prune

  • Plan cuts carefully. Make a cut, step back and assess the next cut, repeat.
  • Prune no more than 1/3 of the plant at a time. Plants need to photosynthesize and will replace lost leaves rapidly by producing watersprouts or suckers. Exceptions are roses or shrubs that can be pruned low to the ground in spring (willows, red twig dogwoods).
  • No tree topping. Removing the head of a tree creates problems in the overall structure of the tree. Thinning the tree over time or removing the tree all-together are usually better options.

Small Branch Cutting

smallbranches
smallbranches
  • Good cuts are about ¼” above a growth-bud or branch and made at an angle facing away from the bud.
  • Cutting too close to a bud damages the bud; cutting too far away leaves a bit of stem to rot on the plant.

Large Branch Cutting

Branch Collar

Where a branch attaches to the trunk or another large branch, there is an area of raised bark that contains the materials the plant needs to heal after the cut.

This area should stay intact. Make cuts parallel to the branch that is remaining, just above the branch collar .

Cutting too close will inhibit healing after the cut.

branchcollar
largebranchcut

Making the Cut

  1. Make a small undercut about 2" away from the trunk.
  2. Make a cut on top of the branch near the first cut, but farther away from the trunk.
  3. Remove the rest of the branch.
  4. Make a clean cut outside of the branch collar.

Note: this process may have to be started closer to the tip of a large branch and repeated closer to the trunk to reduce weight on branches.

Find the best Trees for your Garden

We carry a wide variety of trees year-round. These represent only a fraction of what you will find and are some of our favorites. Note: Viewing a Native Plant will take you into our Native Plant section.

Trees

Abies: The Fir Tree

Natives

Native Abies: Native Fir

Natives

Native Acer Circinatum:

Vine Maple
Trees

Acers for Fall Color

Trees

Acer palmatum: Japanese Maple

Trees

Bird Haven

Trees

Cercis: Redbud

Trees

Conifers

Trees

Cornus: Dogwood

Trees

Cryptomeria: Japanese Cedar

Trees

Fruit Trees

Trees

Ginkgo: Maidenhair Tree

Trees

Heptacodium: Seven Sons Flower

Trees

Lagerstroemia: Crape Myrtle

Trees

Larix: Larch Tree

Trees

Magnolia Trees

Natives

Malus fusca

Western Crabapple
Trees

Miniature Conifers

Trees

Oxydendrum: The Sourwood Tree

Trees

Picea: The Spruce Tree

Natives

Pinus: Native Pine

Trees

Planting Tips

Trees

Pruning Guide

Trees

Prunus: Cherries &
their Prunus relatives

Natives

Quercus: Garry Oak

Trees

Salix: Willow

Trees

Stewartia

Trees

Styrax: Japanese Snowbell

Trees

Tree Selection Guide